A SAP neither advocates for the employer nor the employee.
The SAP function is to protect the public interest in safety by professionally evaluating the employee and recommending appropriate
education and/or treatment, follow-up testing and aftercare. The primary safety objective of the DOT rules is to prevent (through
deterrence and detection) alcohol and controlled substance users from performing transportation industry safety-sensitive
ABUSE PROFESSIONAL (SAP) SERVICES
A transportation worker who has violated DOT regulations
(DOT Regulations, 49 CFR Part 40) must follow a specific procedure before being considered for return to safety-sensitive
The process, conducted by
a qualified Substance Abuse Professional (SAP), includes:
The SAP conducts an initial face-to-face clinical evaluation,
including standardized testing. DOT's rule requires recommendation for treatment and/or education in every case. The SAP must
send an initial evaluation report to the Designated Employer Representative (DER).
The SAP assists the employee in contacting the treatment provider, and arranging
The SAP maintains regular
contact with the treatment provider, to monitor the employee’s treatment progress, and to confirm suitability of the
The SAP will conduct a face-to-face follow-up clinical evaluation to determine if the employee
has complied with the SAP’s recommendations, and to measure success of treatment. If the employee has complied with
the SAP's recommendation, the SAP sends a follow-up report is to the DER, including SAP’s recommendations for a program
of aftercare and follow-up testing.